Who is Jesus, and why does he matter?
The apostle Peter delivers a similar message about Jesus in both his sermons in Acts and his teachings in 1 Peter:
1) Jesus is the promised “servant” (Acts 3:13; 3:26; 4:27; 4:30; and 1 Peter 2:22-25, which paraphrases the famous suffering servant passage of Isaiah 53) who would first suffer for the people and then be delivered by God, according to the Old Testament prophets (Acts 3:18-21; 10:39-43; 1 Peter 1:10-11)
2) Jesus was crucified, “hung on a tree,” because of the schemes of those who opposed God (Acts 5:30; 10:39), but on that “tree” he bore our sins and gave us forgiveness, according to God’s eternal plans (1 Peter 2:24; Acts 2:23; 3:19; 4:28).
3) Jesus is the fulfillment of Psalm 118:22-23 – “The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone/cornerstone. The LORD has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes.” This rejected Messiah who was dramatically vindicated by God is the source of salvation for all who believe (Acts 4:8-12; 1 Peter 2:4-10).
4) Jesus is risen from the dead! (Acts 2:24; 2:31-32; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30; 10:40; 1 Peter 1:3; 1:21; 3:21). Jesus, who was opposed and crucified unjustly, has been vindicated by God in his resurrection from the dead. Believers are given new life and salvation through Jesus’ resurrection.
5) Jesus has ascended into heaven and is now seated and enthroned at the right hand of God, in fulfillment of Psalm 110:1 (Acts 2:33-36; 5:31; 1 Peter 3:22).
6) Jesus will come again in glory for his people (Acts 3:21; 1 Peter 1:7; 4:13; 5:1; 5:10) and will judge the “living and the dead” (Acts 10:42; 1 Peter 4:5).
Jesus, God’s faithful servant and the centerpiece of God’s saving plans, was crucified for our sins, was resurrected in power and victory, was exalted to the right hand of God in all authority, and will return one day as glorious savior, king, and judge. These affirmations about Jesus have been central to the faith of Christians for nearly 2000 years.